Descriptions - Essential Oils
Essential Oils and CO2 Descriptions & Precautions
All our essential oils are of the highest quality. Being located in Miami, Florida, one of the busiest trade ports in the U.S., we are able to import the majority of the oils ourselves and thus, are able to pass on the savings to our customers. Unlike many of our competitors, we have eliminated the middle man and this is reflected in our prices.
We are pleased to provide you with some very basic information on the essential oils we distribute. If you're not already knowledgeable with the use, benefits and precautions of essential oils, you should acquire some basic knowledge of these topics prior to using the oils. It is generally recommended that essential oils be diluted in carrier or fixed oils and not applied directly to the skin. Please refer to the many books we offer in the event you need to learn or update your essential oil knowledge.
If you're pregnant or have any of the following conditions, you should exercise extreme caution prior to using any of the oils, if at all: heart problems, high or low blood pressure, diabetes, epilepsy, and/or immune deficiency. Dosages for children and the elderly should be diluted further. With the exception of Roman Chamomile and Lavender properly diluted in a carrier oil, essential oils should not be used on babies under the age of one. There are many excellent reference books available on the subject of essential oils and aromatherapy (please browse our "books" category). We strongly recommend the user of essential oils to read up on the subject or attend classes to further become familiar with the wonderful oils.
We strongly recommend that you seek qualified medical attention for any unresolved, undiagnosed or medical condition. We sell all our products to persons who wish to use the raw materials to create a finished product or obtain a desired result. We are in no way to be held responsible for misuse or improper storing of any of our products; it is up to the end user to become fully informed of the pros/cons of each product prior to its use, as well as to keep the products away from children, pets and the chronically or mentally ill. Ingestion of as little as a few drops of an essential oil could prove fatal to humans and pets. Please act responsibly and store these products and all cosmetic raw materials in a safe manner.
Essential oils with a flashpoint lower than 60.5 Celsius or 141F and/or with a UN# (United Nations number) assigned cannot ship via air or ocean. Flashpoint and UN# information is posted in each oil's description, but not on this page. All hazmat products have been set apart from the others with red text indicating the oil cannot ship via air or ocean. If your delivery address is in a U.S. possession or territory or in a foreign country or if you have an APO whose ultimate destination is in a foreign country, please do not purchase hazmat products, they will not ship.
While we've done our best to include in this page all the essential oils we offer, from time to time you may find that not all essential oils we offer are listed here. If that's the case, all you need to do is use our Search feature, search for the essential oil you require and read the description posted on the page belonging to that oil.
Allspice: Its aroma is similar to a mixture of pepper, clove and cinnamon....it is spicy and warm, like the spice. Allspice is stimulating and vitalizing. It has been used to treat dental and viral infections, sinusitis, bronchitis, colds, depression, nervous exhaustion, arthritis, fatigue, flatulence. Debatable whether it should be used in massage since it is such a powerful oil. Personally, we find it a wonderful addition to a massage blend for sore muscles and arthritis. May irritate the skin and mucous membranes. A very warming oil, gets the circulation going. Blends well with frankincense, ginger, lemon and orange.
Anise: Spicy, warm, licorice-like aroma. Fishermen use it to mask human scent while fishing. Well known for its effect on the digestive system. May have a good effect on asthma and breathing difficulties. Anise has estrogenlike properties, is an emmenagogue, aids childbirth, increases milk secretion, and is antispasmodic for nerves and muscles. Anise is indicated for lack of menstruation, menopause, colitis, and poor breathing due to nerves. Blends well with fennel, petitgrain and rosewood.
Anise Star:The essential oil resides in the pericarp, not in the seed. Spicy, warm, licorice-like aroma like anise seed, but slightly stronger. Fishermen use it to mask human scent while fishing. Well known for its effect on the digestive system. May have a good effect on asthma and breathing difficulties. Anise has estrogenlike properties, is an emmenagogue, aids childbirth, increases milk secretion, and is antispasmodic for nerves and muscles. Anise is indicated for lack of menstruation, menopause, colitis, and poor breathing due to nerves. Blends well with fennel, petitgrain and rosewood.
Balsam Perú: This is a liquid essential oil, not a resin. This is not a thick brown resin, it is a pale yellow essential oil which has had the thick brown crude essential oil removed and which has a vanilla-type scent. Balsam Perú is a different physiological form of Balsam Tolú. The balsam is a pathological product from older trees. Balsam Perú is used as a natural fixative to make a little scent go a long way. Among its uses: anti-infective, on chafed skin to soothe, massage of muscles for circulation, inhalant for respiratory and immune systems, effective at relieving itch of scabies, ringworm and eczema, as well as for relieving chapped hands and feet. Exotic aroma, anchoring, strengthening and imparts a rich, earthy scent to perfumes. Some believe it is a skin sensitizer. Use with caution.
Basil, Sweet:Our basil EO has contents of 70-72% of methyl cavicol and 15-18% of linalool. Warm, spicy and herbal, with a hot, somewhat anise tasting "bite." Generally used as an antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, pain reliever, decongestant of the veins, antibacterial. Basil is a wonderful addition to many perfume blends, it works as a brain and memory stimulant and soothes stress, depression, and mental fatigue. Blended with Rosemary verbenon makes an excellent blend to be used as an external application on the hair and scalp to stimulate growth and condition hair. Basil is also indicated for urinary infections, rheumatoid arthritis and insufficient digestive enzymes. Good for tired, overworked muscles, as a mouthwash for mouth sores and infected gums, for chest infections and digestive problems. Blends well with bergamot, lavender, neroli and verbena.
Bay Laurel: Its aroma is spicy, somewhat camphoraceous and herbaceous. It is indicated for colds, virus infections and mouth ulcers. Externally for massage in muscular aches and pains, including arthritis. Can be inhaled in a blend for the respiratory system. It is an expectorant. Because of the high amount of phenols, this essential oil is a good antiseptic for the respiratory system. It expels wind and has a tonic effect on the liver and kidneys. Bay laurel may be used for sprains and bruises. Useful as a scalp and hair tonic, recommended for hair loss, greasy hair or flaky scalp. Blends well with bergamot, cedarwood, lemon, rosemary and patchouli.
Bay Rum: Light, spicy, sweet aroma, the aroma of Old Spice cologne. May act as an appetite stimulant and to settle stomach pains. General aches and pains, as well as rheumatic pains may be alleviated. Used to treat scalp conditions, dandruff and greasy hair. Blends well with rose, cedarwood, and eucalyptus. Should be used with caution due to its eugenol content.
Benzoin: The benzoin tree produces a white sap which becomes hard and brittle, and yellowish-brown in color. The bark is deliberately cut, causing the sap to run, and it is collected from the bark. It's made up mainly of Benzoic acid, Benzoate and some vanillin. It's used as an expectorant and pulmonary antiseptic, for acne, eczema, and psoriasis. It's used as a preservative in food. Some "experts" consider it a skin sensitizer but we don't know what proof they use to substantiate this claim as other "experts" recommend this product for acne, eczema and psoriasis. One very famous acne medication has "benzoin" as part of its name. Blends well with bay, bergamot, black pepper, orange, sandalwood, and ylang ylang.
Bergamot Its aroma is uplifting, spicy, sweet; like orange and lemons with floral overtones......citrus spice with a high floral note. Inhaled, it relaxes the nervous system and acts as a digestive. Also used as an expectorant, gargle for a sore throat, inhaled for anxiety and depression, used for a variety of skin problems. It may be used as an inhalation for respiratory tract infections such as tonsilitis and bronchitis. It is a valuable antiseptic for the urinary tract and infections and inflammation such as cystitis. Combined with tea tree it is used as a treatment for cold sores, chicken pox and shingles. Used in douches and sitz baths, bergamot oil has proved successful in gonococcal infections, leucorrhoea, vaginal prurities and urinary infections; add no more than 2-3 drops to some warm water. Its antiseptic properties make it ideal for treating wounds, herpes, acne and oily skin conditions. Bergamot imparts that unusual flavor to Earl Grey tea. It was and still is an important ingredient in the classic Eau de Cologne formula. Blends well with chamomile, lavender, neroli and rosemary. Bergamot is a photosensitizer (increases the skin reaction to sunlight and makes it more likely to burn) and the photosensitizing effect can last for several days which is why we also offer regular Bergamot and Bergaptene-free Bergamot. Since soap lather only remains on the skin for a few seconds, regular Bergamot may be used in soaps. Bergaptene free Bergamot greatly reduces this risk.
Bergamot, Bergaptene Free: Its aroma is uplifting, spicy, sweet scent; like orange and lemons with floral overtones......citrus spice with a high floral note. Inhaled, it relaxes the nervous system and acts as a digestive. Also used as an expectorant, gargle for a sore throat, inhaled for anxiety and depression, used for a variety of skin problems. It may be used as an inhalation for respiratory tract infections such as tonsilitis and bronchitis. It is a valuable antiseptic for the urinary tract and infections and inflammation such as cystitis. Combined with tea tree it is used as a treatment for cold sores, chicken pox and shingles. Used in douches and sitz baths, bergamot oil has proved successful in gonococcal infections, leucorrhoea, vaginal prurities and urinary infections; add no more than 2-3 drops to some warm water. Its antiseptic properties make it ideal for treating wounds, herpes, acne and oily skin conditions. Bergamot imparts that unusual flavor to Earl Grey tea. It was and still is an important ingredient in the classic Eau de Cologne formula. Blends well with chamomile, lavender, neroli and rosemary. Regular Bergamot is a photosensitizer (increases the skin reaction to sunlight and makes it more likely to burn). Our Bergaptene-free Bergamot has had the chemical bergaptene removed and this greatly reduces the risk of photosensitization when exposed to the sun after use. We recommend this product for use in end products that will be used directly on the skin and which will remain on the skin for a long period of time.
Birch, sweet: Its aroma is sweet, spicy and minty, a wintergreen chewing gum odor. A powerful oil which could irritate sensitive skin. Best used with caution or not at all. Has an invigorating, even rousing effect on the spirits. Stimulates the sweat glands aiding the body in releasing harmful toxins, can be used as a diuretic for water retention and edema, increases the flow of urine and its diuretic properties could also help with obesity and cellulitis. Useful in a massage for rheumatism and muscle pain since it eliminates accumulation of uric acid in the joints. Blends well with chamomile, frankincense, lemon and cajeput. It's used as a flavor for gum and toothpaste. It can be a skin irritant.
Cajeput: Its scent is peculiar, musty, sweet, penetrating, camphor-like. As part of the Melaleucas, it has great value in skin care and for wound cleansing. It is analgesic, antiseptic, expectorant, and stimulant. Stimulates the mind and assists with getting it back into balance, helps clear thoughts.. Soothes colic and vomiting. Could help with cystitis. Its antiseptic and expectorant properties make it excellent for respiratory tract infections such as colds, laryngitis, bronchitis and it may be helpful for asthma, as well as for nasal and sinus congestion. Its pain relieving properties make it useful in massage for neuralgia, headaches, gout, muscle stiffness and general aches and pain. It is useful for treating painful periods, delayed menses and spasmodic dysmenorrhoea. Its antiseptic properties make it useful for treating acne and psoriasis. It has been used for genital herpes, hemorrhoids and varicose veins. The oil is also reputed to have insect repellent qualities and is the best essential oil to apply undiluted to fire ant bites, preferably immediately after being bitten. Cajeput is considered non-toxic but may irritate the skin in high concentrations. Blends well with bergamot, clove, lavender and rosewood. Not to be used on pregnant women!
Camphor: Its aroma is spicy, herbal and mothball-like, fresh, clean and very piercing. Analgesic, antidepressant, antiseptic, and antispasmodic. A very powerful oil, overdosing could cause convulsions and vomiting. Should be avoided in pregnancy and in people suffering from epilepsy and asthma. Sedates nervy types particularly when associated with depression. May raise low blood pressure. Warms and cools the body where necessary. Helpful with stiff muscles. It is cooling on the skin and, therefore, reduces inflammatory conditions. Blends well with basil, cajeput and chamomile. Not to be used on babies and pregnant women!
Cardamom: Its aroma is distinctively spicy, fruity, warm and balsamic. Its properties indicate it is good for the stomach (settles it), eases gas pains and nausea, digestive, neuro-muscular, antispasmodic, expectorant, and warming. Good inhaled for the bronchial system; assists in stimulating the lungs, expelling phlegm and can be used for easing coughs and bronchitis. It is also used as an aphrodisiac mixture. Cardamom, the plant, has long been used as a condiment and medicine in India for digestive complaints. The Romans and Arabs both used it to settle gastrointestinal problems. The uplifting, refreshing and invigorating aroma of cardamom warms the senses and is ideal when there are feelings of weakness and fatigue. Blends well with bergamot, black pepper, lemon, pine, and thyme.
Carrot Seed: 70% carotol content. Its aroma is herbaceous, mild, spicy, slightly sweet and dry. Among its uses are tonic, stimulant, liver regenerator, and control of cholesterol. Recommended for mature skin and/or wrinkled skin. Due to its stimulating effect on red blood cells, it adds tone and elasticity to the skin. Its properties make it useful for problems such as weeping sores and ulcers, vitiligo, prurities, boils, carbuncles, eczema and psoriasis. May help to relieve feelings of stress and exhaustion. Used in massage oils and baths as it is considered an excellent blood purifier due to its detoxifying effect on the liver. It is used to treat jaundice and other liver disorders. Blends well with bergamot, lemon, orange and rosemary. Avoid during pregnancy! UN#1169, Group III)
Cassia: Cinnamon-like aroma. Because of its content of Carvacrol is considered a skin irritant when applied directly or in massage blend. Should be restricted, perhaps, to soaps only. Blends well with all the spice and citrus oils, geranium and black pepper.
Cedar leaf This tree belongs to the Cupressaceae/Cypress family and is also known as White Cedar. The oil’s color ranges from no color to yellow with occasional tinges of green. Its aroma is woody and camphoraceous. The essential oil is used in cleansers, disinfectants, hair preparations, insecticides, liniment, room sprays and soft soaps. Blends well with Sweet Orange, Lemon and Lavender among others. Precautions: High ketone thujone content; overdose convulsive, abortive; use only with extreme caution. Do not use during pregnancy or if a person suffers from low blood pressure.
Cedarwood, Atlas: This is a true cedar from the family Pinaceæ, also known as Atlantic cedar and Moroccan cedarwood. This oil is quite different from Virginian cedarwood. Its sweet, woody aroma with a camphoraceous note improves as the oil ages. Its properties are an arterial regenerative and a lymphotonic. It aids in the removal of body fat and is used externally for cellulite and the retention of fluid in the tissue. Atlas Cedar, as its also known, is also used for the respiratory system, a drop in a half cup of water to gargle for sore throat or with a few drops of Eucalyptus in a steaming bowl of water to reduce nasal and lung congestion. Its main benefits are on the respiratory system due to its expectorant properties, easing conditions such as bronchitis, coughs and colds. The oil may be beneficial in the treatment of kidney and bladder disorders. Its antiseptic properties make it an ideal remedy for bladder and kidney infections and for cystitis. The oil may be added to a sitz bath and to compresses. It can be added to shampoos or facial washes to reduce oily secretions. The oil helps to clear chronic conditions such as dermatitis and psoriasis. It would make a good hair tonic and effective for treating seborrhoea of the scalp, dandruff and alopecia. It is also used as a fixative in the perfume industry. Cedarwood Atlas is calming and soothing with sedative effects similar to Sandalwood. This oil is considered neurotoxic and abortive and should not be used on children and pregnant women. Blends well with bergamot, clary sage, frankincense, oakmoss and rosemary.
Cedarwood, Virginia: Also known as Red cedar, it is from the family Cupressaceæ. Although this tree is from this family and not from the family Pinaceæ, it is still called Virginia Cedar. Its scent is sweet and woody, sometimes reminiscent of sandalwood. Calms nervous tension and states of anxiety. Expectorant, dries phlegm. Recommended for hemorrhoids. Deters moths and other insects, usually in drawers and closets. Care should be taken that garments do not directly touch wood treated with Cedarwood essential oil. Blends well with bergamot, cinnamon, frankincense, rose, sandalwood and rosemary.
Chamomile, German: Also known as Hungarian, Blue Camomile and Matricaria recutita. Its scent is strong, sweet, warm, fatty, fruity and herbaceous. Its color is deep blue with major components of chamazulene (gives the oil its deep blue color), farnesene and bisabolol. The chamazulene content gives German chamomile its most important actions such as soothing, calming and anti-inflammatory. Among its uses are anti-inflammatory, hormonal, and antispasmodic. This oil is indicated for all kinds of skin disease (eczema, psoriasis, itchy/dry/flaky skin) stomach distress and menstrual problems and can be used in hot compresses on boils, abscesses, splinters, etc. It can also be used in massage for muscular pain and for arthritic inflamed joints. It's also useful for treating sprains, inflamed tendons and swollen painful joints in bursitis. It is a good remedy for urinary stones. Menstrual pain and menopausal problems can be relieved by the use of compresses, massage and baths. The action of chamomile as a vasoconstrictor can help reduce the redness of the cheeks due to enlarged capillaries. Blends well with bergamot, clary sage, lavender, neroli, sandalwood and ylang ylang.
Chamomile, Roman: Also known as Sweet chamomile, English chamomile, Nobel chamomile. Its scent is sweet, herby, fruity, and apple-like. The oil may be very pale blue at first and then it turns a pale yellow color. Roman chamomile is generally used to treat psychological problems, beneficial for people who are short tempered, self involved, overly sensitive or rarely satisfied. It is a traditional remedy for children and is recommended when they are feeling impatient or tense. A 1% dilution of Roman chamomile oil in apricot kernel or any other carrier oil will be very useful as a massage oil over their cheeks or abdomen if the child suffers from colic or teething pain. It is useful as a mild sedative for children. While Roman chamomile's anti-inflammatory and anti-spasmodic effects are to a lesser degree than German chamomile's, it also has anti-inflammatory properties. It is suitable for inhalation. Roman chamomile is a useful oil for women with irregular periods and PMS, ideally used in a bath or massage oil. Both have analgesic, antidepressant, antirheumatic and sedative properties, among many other properties. Blends well with bergamot, jasmine, palmarosa, rose and ylang ylang.
Cinnamon Bark: Oil distilled from the bark contains mainly Cinnamaldehyde (@70%) and Eugenol. Cinnamaldehyde is a skin irritant so while the bark oil has a superior fragrance, it is not recommended for topical use in aromatherapy. Bark oil is in great use commercially in foods, mouth preparations, soaps and toiletries. Warm, spicy and sweet aroma. Used as an insecticide, emmenagogue, antispasmodic, antibacterial, aphrodisiac and antifungal particularly against Candida and Aspergillis. Indicated for tooth care, blends for vaginitis, impotence in men, respiratory blends for the lungs. Eases colds and breathing difficulties. As an inhalation, it is excellent for exhaustion, feelings of depression and weakness. It is a very effective antiseptic, digestive and anti-rheumatic and is regarded as one of the strongest antiseptic oils. Useful for preventing infectious and contagious diseases. Not recommended for skin care. Traditionally used in clearing warts. The leaf oil is relatively non-toxic. Very powerful, should be used with extreme care, could be a skin irritant for certain persons. Blends well with clove, frankincense, ginger, lavender, orange and thyme.
Cinnamon Leaf: Oil distilled from the leaves contains mainly Eugenol (@75%). Leaf oil is in great use commercially in foods, mouth preparations, soaps and toiletries. Warm and spicy aroma; it's a rich, yellow oil which lacks the depth and body of cinnamon bark oil. Used as an insecticide, emmenagogue, antispasmodic, antibacterial, aphrodisiac and antifungal particularly against Candida and Aspergillis. Indicated for tooth care, blends for vaginitis, impotence in men, respiratory blends for the lungs. Eases colds and breathing difficulties. As an inhalation, it is excellent for exhaustion, feelings of depression and weakness. It is a very effective antiseptic, digestive and anti-rheumatic and is regarded as one of the strongest antiseptic oils. Useful for preventing infectious and contagious diseases. Not recommended for skin care. Traditionally used in clearing warts. The leaf oil is relatively non-toxic. Very powerful, should be used with extreme care, could be a skin irritant for certain persons. Blends well with clove, frankincense, ginger, lavender, orange and thyme.
Citronella:Slightly sweet, powerful and lemony scent. Used as an insecticide and antidepressant. Its most useful quality seems to be as an insect repellant and may also help pets get rid of fleas. Also known to clear the mind so may be useful against headaches and migraines. Its deodorant and stimulating properties always refresh sweaty tired feet, activating the whole body. Blends well with citrus oils, cedarwood, eucalyptus, peppermint, and eucalyptus.
Clary Sage:Its scent is fruity, floral, herbaceous, nutty and heavy. This is a relaxing, warming oil which eases nervous tension. Known as a hormone balancer, it may regulate scanty periods. Its well known for its euphoric action and is an extremely valuable oil for treating nervousness, fear, paranoia and depression. Its antispasmodic and emmenagogue properties make it useful for helping with uterine problems such as easing PMS, regulating scanty periods and easing painful cramps in the lower back. Also encourages labor, enabling the expectant mother to relax and eases post-natal depression. Studies have found Clary Sage to be beneficial for its analgesic and relaxing effects and its ability to accelerate labor. It inhibits prolactin which tends to dry up breast milk. Useful during menopause. Also soothes digestive problems. Not to be used during pregnancy! Blends well with bergamot, lavender, lime, and geranium.
Clove Bud: Clove bud oil has a sweet, rich, warm, spicy and penetrating aroma with a fruity top note and a woody base note. Highly irritant to the skin, must be diluted, clove bud oil is safer to use than clove leaf due to its lower eugenol content. It should never be used directly on the skin or in large concentrations. Clove bud oil lifts depression and is recommended as an inhalation when feeling weak and lethargic. It's excellent as an antiseptic because of the high proportion of eugenol. It helps stimulate digestion, restores appetite and relieves flatulence. The dental value of cloves is well know, the oil has been traditionally used to relieve toothaches. Clove oil is not used in skin care except to treat infectious wounds, skin sores and leg ulcers. Beneficial to the digestive system, effective against diarrhea, vomiting and spasms. Can help toothache, rheumatism, arthritis and mouth sores. Blends well with basil, cinnamon, citronella, orange and peppermint.
Clove Leaf: Clove leaf oil has a strong, spicy and penetrationg aroma; it's highly irritant to the skin and must be well diluted. Clove leaf has a higher eugenol content than clove bud and should never be used directly on the skin or in large concentrations. It's excellent as an antiseptic because of the high proportion of eugenol. It helps stimulate digestion, restores appetite and relieves flatulence. The dental value of cloves is well know, the oil has been traditionally used to relieve toothaches. Clove oil is not used in skin care except to treat infectious wounds, skin sores and leg ulcers. Beneficial to the digestive system, effective against diarrhea, vomiting and spasms. Can help toothache, rheumatism, arthritis and mouth sores. Blends well with basil, cinnamon, citronella, orange and peppermint.
Combava Petitgrain:Its aroma is almost clove like. Its properties are anti-infectious, antiseptic, liver decongestant, very calming with hormone like properties. Indicated for liver congestion and insufficiencies of the ovaries and testicles. It is also a sedative indicated for anxiety, stress, agitation, and insomnia. Useful for skin inflammation, avoid on sensitive skin. Blends well with frankincense and lavender.
Coriander: Its aroma is green, sharp and slightly pungent. Coriander is considered anti-inflammatory and sedative. It's indicated for stress, anxiety and insomnia. May help memory, stimulates the mind. Used as a massage oil to ease arthritis pain and migraine headaches. Can also be applied to clear blackheads and for oily skin. Blends well with bergamot, lemon and jasmine.
Cornmint: Menthol and menthyl acetate are the major constituents of this essential oil. Its aroma is strong, fresh and somewhat bittersweet. It is widely used in flavoring toothpastes, moutwashes and pharmaceuticals. This oil is good for the nervous system acting as a regulator and sedative. Because it is antiseptic and anti-bacterial, it can be used in swollen gums, mouthwash or mouth ulcers, and toothache remedies. Not to be taken internally. Per information appearing in www.herbalgram.org: “The Commission E approved internal use of mint oil for flatulence, functional gastrointestinal and gallbladder disorders, catarrhs of the upper respiratory tract, and external use for myalgia and neuralgic ailments. Mint and its oil are used in China for treating indigestion, nausea, sore throat, diarrhea, colds, and headaches (Leung and Foster, 1996). Contraindications: Internal: Obstruction of the bile ducts, inflammation of the gallbladder, severe liver damage. To be used only after consulting a physician. External: For infants and young children, mint oil-containing preparations should not be used on areas of the face, especially the nose.
Cypress: Trees of the Genera Cupressus are the True Cypresses. Cypress has a woody and slightly spicy aroma. It is anti-infectious, spasmolytic and a venous decongestant. This cypress is indicated for colitis or infections of the gut, to decongest the prostate and to stimulate pancreas and has primary use in the respiratory and circulatory systems. This is a warming, stimulating and uplifting oil and when inhaled just before bedtime can be soothing and relaxing. Seems to have a soothing effect on anger. Useful for sweaty palms or feet. As with many of the evergreen oils, it is useful to reduce fluid retention and cellulite and for aching muscles and arthritis pain. Useful after the loss of loved ones or endings of relationships. It is inhaled for strength and comfort. Its wonderful effect on varicose veins is well known (diluted in a carrier oil and massaged lightly into the legs every day). A few drops of this oil on a cotton ball placed under the pillow can help stop coughing. Regulates menstrual cycle, promotes and increases periods in conditions associated with dysmenorrhoea. It helps relieve painful periods and reduces abnormally heavy blood loss, particularly when it happens in the early stages of menopause. Soothes anger. Blends well with bergamot, grapefruit, lavender, lemon, pine and sandalwood.
Dill Herb: This particular oil has 30% carvone content. Its scent is clear, spicy, herbaceous, and clean. Its main uses are as mucolytic and anti-catarrh. Indicated for bronchial catarrh and insufficient liver function. EO of seed and weed is much used in the commercial flavoring industry. Persons with vast experience in essential oils who are fully familiar with their uses and dangers should be the only ones to ingest certain essential oils
Eucalyptus globulus: Commonly known as blue gum. Its scent is camphorous with a woody sweet undertone. Some of this oil's properties are expectorant, decongestant, insecticide, analgesic, antirheumatic and antiseptic. Inhibits proliferation of the cold virus. Deters mosquitoes and other insects. Cools emotions, aids concentration. Effective in all types of fever, lowers the temperature, makes breathing easier, loosens phlegm. It is one of the most valuable oils for treating the respiratory system. According to research, the spraying of a 2% emulsion containing eucalyptus oil kills off 70% of local, airborne staphylococci. Helps with cystitis. Clears up sinus congestion. Blends well with basil, cedarwood, lemon, vetiver, peppermint and clary sage.
Eucalyptus citriodora: Commonly known as lemon scented eucalyptus. The oil has a strong fresh citronella-like odor with a sweet balsamic undertone. Very effective insect repellent due to a higher citronellal content than citronella. Appears to have bacteriostatic activity towards Staphylococcus aureus due to the synergy between citronellol and citronellal present in this oil. It is considered analgesic, calming, sedative and anti-hypertensive.
Eucalyptus radiata: Also known as narrow-leaved peppermint gum with up to 75% content of 1,8-cineole. This oils is often referred to by its trade name: Eucalyptus australiania. This oil is strongly antiviral and expectorant and is indicated for the respiratory system. It's also useful for vaginitis, acne, and sinus infections. Blends well with basil, cedarwood, lemon, vetiver, peppermint and clary sage.
Fennel: Sweet, aniseed-like aroma. It is antiseptic, diuretic, expectorant, insecticide and laxative. Its main qualities are warming and drying. It is an excellent body cleanser, may rid the system of toxins from alcohol and excessive eating, great for hangovers. It may be used for the treatment of cellulite when accumulations of toxic wastes and fluids in the subcutaneous fat produce a characteristic wrinkled appearance. Regulates menstrual cycles. Also used for the lungs as an antispasmodic and expectorant. May be used in cold conditions and bronchitis. Tonic to the digestion. Good for vomiting and colic. Antispasmodic, relieves colic, constipation and gas. Decreases appetite. Should be avoided by pregnant and lactating women, persons with endometriosis and epilepsy. Blends well with lavender, lemon, rose, and sandalwood.
Fir Needle:Rich, balsamic, and refreshing aroma. Among its properties are analgesic, antiseptic, deodorant, and expectorant. Useful as an inhalation for anxiety and stress. Ideal for respiratory difficulties. Has a beneficial effect on chest conditions especially obstructions of the bronchi such as mucus. Its warming effect is beneficial in massage blends for the relief of muscular aches and pains due to rheumatic or arthritic conditions. Blends well with basil, cajeput, cedarwood and frankincense.
Frankincense: Warm, woody, spicy, incense-like aroma. Frankincense has been used since ancient times in religious ceremonies and is still used in many churches today. It was one of the three gifts from the Magi to the infant Jesus. Among its properties are antiseptic, astringent, cicatrisant, diuretic, digestive, uterine and sedative. Slows down breathing and produces feelings of calm. Ideally used for meditation. Like most other oils extracted from resins, frankincense is effective for respiratory catarrhal discharge and respiratory congestion. Used in inhalations, it may be helpful for asthma sufferers as it eases shortness of breath. Its astringent properties may relieve uterine hemorrhages, as well as heavy periods and generally acts as a tonic to the uterus. Its cytophylactic properties make it an ideal oil for mature, wrinkled skin in need of a lift. Blends well with basil, geranium, lavender, orange, neroli, patchouli and sandalwood.
Geranium: Sweet, heavy aroma, somewhat like rose with a minty overtone. Among its properties are analgesic, antidepressant, antiseptic, cicatrisant, diuretic and insecticide. Calms anxiety, lifts the spirit, assists with depression. Useful for all conditions of the woman's reproductive system as an inhalant and massage application, beneficial for PMS. May assist with menopausal problems such as vaginal dryness and heavy periods. Assists with breast inflammation. Helps clear the body of toxins and this may be helpful with addictions. Stimulates the lymphatic system which keeps infection at bay. Eases neuralgia. Indicated for all problems of the nervous system such as anxiety and nervous fatigue. The oil is a diuretic and a lymphatic stimulant which can help relieve congestion, fluid retention and swollen ankles. Useful for all skin conditions as it balances sebum. Good for oily skin. It's an excellent remedy for burns, wounds and ulcers. Blends well with basil, bergamot, carrot seed, jasmine, lavender and rose.
Geranium Bourbon: Most of the world's supply comes from these areas. The Bourbon geranium has been considered to be the finest and most expensive geranium essential oil. Very strong roselike odor with a high Citronellol content. Among its properties are analgesic, antidepressant, antiseptic, cicatrisant, diuretic and insecticide. Calms anxiety, lifts the spirit, assists with depression. Useful for all conditions of the woman's reproductive system as an inhalant and massage application, beneficial for PMS. May assist with menopausal problems such as vaginal dryness and heavy periods. Assists with breast inflammation. Helps clear the body of toxins which may be helpful with addictions. Stimulates the lymphatic system which keeps infection at bay. Eases neuralgia. Indicated for all problems of the nervous system such as anxiety and nervous fatigue. The oil is a diuretic and a lymphatic stimulant which can help relieve congestion, fluid retention and swollen ankles. Useful for all skin conditions as it balances sebum. Good for oily skin. It's an excellent remedy for burns, wounds and ulcers. Blends well with basil, bergamot, carrot seed, jasmine, lavender and rose.
Ginger: Spicy, woody, warm, with a hint of lemon and pepper. It is antiseptic, analgesic, expectorant, laxative, and aphrodisiac. Aids memory, cheers one up. Eases sore throats. Settles the digestive system, effective against nausea, hangovers, jet lag, sea and travel sickness. Relieves cramps, rheumatic pains and muscle spasms. A valuable remedy in cases of impotence. Blends well with cajeput, cinnamon, eucalyptus, frankincense, geranium, orange and verbena.
Grapefruit, Pink:Has a fresh, sweet, sharp and citrusy aroma. It is antidepressant, antiseptic, diuretic and disinfectant, stimulant. Invaluable in times of stress and depression as it uplifts and revives the spirit. May have an effect on obesity and fluid retention, is useful for treating water retention and is detoxifying. Ideal for treating cellulite. It has a stimulating effect on the digestive system. Helpful in treating acne, congested and oily skin. Relieves migraine and premenstrual tension and jet lag. Ideal for disinfecting rooms and in spray blends. Blends well with bergamot, cedarwood, frankincense, and lavender. According to The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy by Salvatore Battaglia, this essential oil is non-irritant, non-sensitizing and non-phototoxic.
Helichrysum Gymnocephalum: This oil is clear in color and its aroma is clean and fresh, some may say with a slightly floral and spicy aroma although others claim the aroma is more of honey and tea. Among its constituents are alpha-Pinene, beta-Pinene, Limonene, beta-Caryophyllene, alpha-Humulene, Citronellal, and 1,8-Cineol. Researchers in Madagascar think that the essential oil of rambiazina has potential in aromatherapy, considering it useful for the treatment of rheumatism, herpes, hematoma, varicose ulcers, dermatitis, gingivitis, gout, herpes, bronchitis and goiter. Among its properties are aphrodisiac, stimulating and antiseptic. Blends well with orange, frankincense and lavender. Avoid during pregnancy.
Helichrysum italicum: An intense rich scent, some may say strong honey/hay odor with herbaceous note. Among its properties are anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antitussive, astringent, diuretic, expectorant, fungicidal and cicatrisant. The French used this oil primarily as an anti-inflammatory to regulate cholesterol, stimulate the cells of the liver, and as an antispasmodic. This particular variety has powerful antibruise properties. It's ideal to use in lymphatic drainage massage, acts as a stimulant for the liver, gall bladder, kidneys and spleen--the organs responsible for detoxifying the body. Italidone, one of its chemical components, has been found to have strong mucous thinning, expectorant and cicatrisant properties. It is a rejuvenating oil which promotes cell growth, helping to rebuild tissues. Clears the body of candida apparently, which often thrives when vitality is low. Blend with rosehip seed oil for scar formula or with lemon and geranium for kick-smoking blend. Assists in healing scars, acne, dermatitis, boils and abscesses. Blends well with bergamot, chamomile, geranium, orange and frankincense.
Hyssop: Herbaceous and vegetative aroma, warm, sweet and penetrating, reminiscent of sage, marjoram and lavender. Warm, sweet, penetrating aroma. Some of its properties are anticatarrh, anti-asthmatic and anti-inflammatory on the pulmonary system. It liquefies mucus and relieves bronchial spasms. Effective for treating colds, sore throats and bronchitis. Helps to raise low blood pressure. Relieves stomach cramps, expels winds and has traditionally been used to eliminate worms. Relieves menstrual problems associated with water retention during periods. Antispasmodic, cicatrisant, emmenagogue, expectorant and sudorific. Should be used sparingly and avoided by people suffering from high blood pressure, epilepsy and during pregnancy. This very potent oil is recommended in very low dosages, if at all. People suffering from epilepsy and high blood pressure should stay clear of it. Blends well with fennel, lavender, and tangerine.
Jasmine: Jasmine is the most exquisite of scents; the oil is a deep reddish-brown color with a sweet, floral and exotic, slightly heady fragrance. Jeanne Rose describes it as intensely floral and fatty with musk or civet notes and some hay and honey. Called the "king of flower oils" it has always had a reputation as an aphrodisiac and has long been used in perfumery and therapeutically. Among its properties are antidepressant, antiseptic, emollient, cicatrisant, uterine, aphrodisiac, antispasmodic and sedative. Indispensable in perfumes and is used in the finest and most well-known perfumes. Apply a drop to the temples for headaches. Wonderful as a massage for the pelvic area for a congested pelvis or for any type of menstrual problems. Used to balance women's hormones to create a regular menstrual cycle. Inhaled, it can be a great help for labor pains and applied externally it is a massage for the uterus. It is the most valued oil in childbirth and is used as a massage on the abdomen and lower back in the early stages of labor as it will relieve the pain and strengthen the contractions. Jasmine is used to relieve depression (including post-natal), nervous exhaustion and ease stress. In skin care, it's used to treat dry skin, dermatitis and eczema. Blends well with bergamot, frankincense, rose, orange and sandalwood.
Juniper: Coniferous, woody, spicy and herbal odor with a refreshing aroma. It is expectorant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, carminative and rubefacient. Not to be used if you have any type of kidney or inflammatory problems. Effective diuretic and antiseptic of the genito-urinary tract, very valuable in treating cystitis and kidney stones. Helps with cellulitis. Clears intestinal mucous. Helpful in cases of gout and rheumatism as it helps to eliminate uric acid. Regulates period and eases painful cramps. In skin care, it's useful for treating acne, blocked pores, weeping eczema, psoriasis and inflammations. Don't use during pregnancy. Blends well with bergamot, cypress, frankincense, and sandalwood.
Katrafay: This oil is considered anti-inflammatory. Blends well with lavender, tea tree, and rosemary. Its color is pale yellow and it is considered a "middle" note. It's used for fatigue, rheumatism, arthritis, headaches, sciatica and muscular pains. Avoid during pregnancy. Blends well with Lavender, Tea Tree, Rosemary and Clary Sage.
Lantana camara:This oil is quite rare. It is known to be anti-catarrh, antiviral, antitumor, cicatrizant, emmenagogue, mucolytic. Skin: wounds, cuts, ulcers (avoid use on sensitive skin). It may help with bronchitis and asthma as well as with viral infections. Stimulates liver and gallbladder. Best avoided in pregnancy due to large ketone percentage.
Lavender: For soapmaking and toiletries we offer Lavender 40/42 For skin care we offer Lavender Bulgaria Lavender wild and Lavender Fine/French grown at 600-800mts above sea level. Lavender's aroma is floral, herbaceous, light with woody undertones. Among its many properties, it's known to be analgesic, antidepressant, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, bactericide, cicatrizant, decongestant, deodorant, diuretic, fungicide, sedative. Soothes the spirit, relieves anger, valuable in manic-depressive cases. Has a sedative action on the heart, assists in bringing down high blood pressure, relieves insomnia, relieves muscular spasms and rheumatic pains. The first essential oil one should reach for in the case of minor burns and sunburn. Useful with menstrual problems, bronchitis and headaches, helps lower blood pressure. Useful in a diffuser in the delivery room. May be useful in nausea, vomiting and colic. Keeps insects at bay. Purifies the air. Promotes growth of new skin cells, great healing effect on burns and sunburn, acne, psoriasis, boils, fungal growths, and scarring. Lavender is one of the safest essential oils to use with children and the elderly. Blends well with bergamot, chamomile, citronella, lemon, and pine.
Lavandin Grosso:This is a hybrid developed by crossing true lavender with spike lavender which grows wild in areas where true lavender is cultivated or grows wild. The essential oil's aroma is powdery, sweet, floral and herbaceous. Its use is the same as for Lavender and is effective as an inhalation for colds, sinusitis and other respiratory problems. May clear headaches, good for muscular stiffness. Blends well with bergamot, clary sage and lemon.
Lemon: Clean, citrus, sharp citrus aroma. Among its many properties are antacid, antineuralgic, antirheumatic, antiseptic, astringent, bactericide, cicatrizant, diuretic, emollient, insecticide, and laxative. Helps to clear thoughts, helps with concentration, lifts the spirits. Tonic to the circulatory system, liquefies the blood and aids flow, thereby easing pressure on varicose veins. Used to bring down high blood pressure. Counteracts acidity in the body and makes the stomach more alkaline. Eases painful cold sores and herpes. May be helpful with constipation and cellulite. Has a tonic effect on the circulatory system. Bl ends well with chamomile, eucalyptus, lavender and rose.
Lemongrass: Sweet, herbaceous, smoky and lemony aroma. It is tonic, digestive and vasodilator with anti-inflammatory and sedative properties. Stimulates the mind, lifts the spirit, clears the head. Stimulates appetite, helpful with colic and indigestion. Prevents spread of contagious diseases. Great for aching muscles, relieves tired legs. Relieves fatigue, assists with jet lag. Aids in the flow of milk in nursing mothers. May be a dermal irritant. Blends well with cedarwood, basil, lavender, neroli, niaouli and tea tree.
Lime: Its aroma is sharp, citrus, tart and sweet with some spice. It is antiseptic, antiviral, astringent, disinfectant, insecticide, restorative. Very stimulating in cases of apathy, depression and anxiety. Eases coughs and chest congestion. Encourages appetite, may assist in anorexia. Assists in treating alcoholism because of its disinfecting and detoxifying properties. Lime oil has extensive use in the body-care industry and forms, along with Lavender oil, a great deal of men's fragrances. Blends well with bergamot, geranium, lavender, rose and ylang ylang.
Litsea Cubeba: Despite these names, it is not related to lemon verbena but belongs to the same family as the rosewood or cinnamon tree. Sweet, spicy and citrus fragrance with vegetative notes. It is antidepressant, antiseptic, astringent, insecticide, calming and sedative. Very uplifting and stimulating. It is a known tonic to the heart and respiratory system. May be helpful in cases of bronchitis and asthma. Used as an insect repellent. Blends well with lavender, neroli, and verbena.
Mandarin, red:Mandarin is a member of the orange family. While tangerine is from the same source, it differs as it is a hybrid of mandarin. This oil is antiseptic, antispasmodic, cholagogue, digestive, diuretic and sedative. Its refreshing aroma has an uplifting quality often used to eliminate depression and anxiety. It has long been used for babies suffering from colic or hiccups. Has a tonic effect on the digestive system, aids the secretion of bile and breaks down fats. Calms the intestines and relieves flatulence. It's often used in combination with neroli and a carrier oil to prevent stretch marks during pregnancy. Blends well with the chamomiles, jasmine, lime, and sandalwood.
Marjoram, sweet : Not to be confused with sweet marjoram, commonly mistaken for oregano. Warm, penetrating and slightly eucalyptus-type aroma. It is analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, digestive, emmenagogue, expectorant, sedative and laxative. Due to the higher 1,8-cineole content of Spanish marjoram, this oil is more effective used as an expectorant for respiratory tract infections and spasms. Marjoram has a calming effect on the nervous system, relieves anxiety and stress. It is effective for insomnia, especially when there's high blood pressure. Prolonged use may diminish sexual desire. Very effective in dealing with painful muscles, mostly in the lower back area. Assists with swollen joints, good as an after-sports rub. Seems to lower high blood pressure. Soothes digestion, may help with stomach cramps, constipation and flatulence. May be effective against sea sickness. Alleviates stuffed-up feeling during colds. May be useful in relieving painful periods. Blends well with bergamot, cedarwood, orange, and rosewood. Not to be used during pregnancy.
Myrrh: Smoky and slightly musky aroma. It is antiseptic, astringent, deodorant, disinfectant and diuretic. Myrrh is one of the most renowned incenses along with frankincense. Myrrh is thought to enhance spirituality and may be used either in an oil burner or inhaled directly. It's particularly valuable for people who feel stuck emotionally or spiritually and want to move forward in their lives. Seems to lift feelings of weakness, apathy and lack of incentive and also has a cooling effect on heated emotions. Due to its drying action is effective against excessive mucous in the lungs. Recommended in cases of bronchitis, colds, sore throats, and coughs. Excellent for mouth and gum disorders; it is the best treatment for mouth ulcers, gingivitis and bleeding or spongy gums. Eases flatulence and hemorrhoids. Stimulates and invigorates the immune system. Of great benefit in cases of scanty periods, leucorrhea and clearing obstructions in the womb. The efficacy of myrrh for the treatment of chronic wounds and ulcers is legendary. This is due to its antiseptic, astringent, anti-inflammatory and antiphlogistic properties. It is specially valuable for wounds that are slow to heal and for weepy eczema and athlete's foot. Blends well with clove, frankincense, lavender and sandalwood. Not to be used during pregnancy.
Myrtle: Fresh, slightly sweet and penetrating, similar to eucalyptus. Antiseptic, astringent, bactericide, and expectorant. May soothe feelings of anger, envy and greed. It's a suggested oil to use with people with addictions or self destructive behaviors. Particularly useful with pulmonary and urinary infections where there's excessive bronchial catarrh. Eases hemorrhoids with its astringent effect, particularly when mixed with witch hazel and cypress oil. Blends well with coriander, lavender, rosemary and tea tree.
Neroli: The aroma of Neroli can be characterized as flowery top notes with a heady, sensual scent. Tunisia. These are our impressions of the most common 3 varieties. Tunisia--wonderful, robust aroma typical of Neroli. France--more subtle than Tunisia's, while still providing a slightly sharp Neroli aroma. Spain--the sublest of all our Nerolis with slight earthy undertones. There are two types of orange tree, the sweet orange and the bitter orange. Oil from orange blossoms is known as neroli oil and is extracted from the white blossoms of the bitter orange. A powerful, but delicate bitter-sweet floral fragrance. Neroli essential oil is antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, deodorant, digestive, stimulant and sedative. Very relaxing, rather hypnotic, relieves chronic anxiety, depression and stress. Good in cases of insomnia, best used in the bath before bedtime. In spite of this, it is also joyous and uplifting. Due to its antispasmodic action Neroli is well known for its ability to relieve muscle spasm of the smooth muscles, especially that of the small intestines. It is extremely useful for chronic diarrhea, especially when this arises from nervous tension. This oil is suitable for all skin types since it does not irritate and is also useful for the treatment of broken capillaries under the skin's surface. Blends well with bergamot, geranium, jasmine, lavender, lime, rose and ylang ylang.
Niaouli (MQV): Slightly sweet, fresh, camphoraceous aroma. It is analgesic, antiseptic, bactericide, cicatrisant, insecticide, decongestant and vermifuge. Stimulating, uplifting, clears the head and may aid in concentration. Niaouli is considered an excellent antiseptic for treating pulmonary infections such as bronchitis and sinus. Excellent for chest infections, bronchitis, asthma and sinusitis. May be used in place of Tea Tree when the smell of Tea Tree is found objectionable. For respiratory problems blends well with peppermint, eucalyptus, pine and myrtle. For other blends, try any of these: coriander, fennel, juniper, orange and peppermint.
Nutmeg: Spicy, warm and sweet odor. Considered analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, emmenagogue, parturient, and tonic. Invigorates and stimulates the mind. Indicated for extreme tiredness and used in massage blends for aching joints because of its warming property. Not recommended for skin care. Should not be used during pregnancy at all. Inhaled may cause nausea. One drop of Nutmeg with 20-40 drops of Orange is wonderful for the home. Very strong, can be irritating. Blends well with citrus oils.
Oakmoss Absolute: Oakmoss is not a true flowering plant but a lichen (algae + fungus) that is extracted for its fragrance. They grow well on trunks of the Oak. Oakmoss absolute is a viscous liquid with an extremely intense aroma reminiscent of a damp forest floor. Its odor is uplifting, cooling and calming. Its properties are more emotional and spiritual than physical. It can be used as an addition with respiratory oils as an inhalant to relieve congested sinus. May irritate sensitive skin. Blends well with cedarwood, citrus, pine, rosemary and vetiver.
Orange, Bitter: Zesty, refreshing, sharp citrus fragrance. Pale yellow to dark yellow-red oil. It is antiseptic and calming and is indicated for local disinfection and nervousness. Bitter orange essential oil is widely used in men's toiletry products. Bitter orange essential oil may be inhaled for nervous tension and stress. As with all cold pressed citrus essential oils, there's a chance of phototoxicity on skin exposed to the sun. Blends well with cinnamon, coriander, clove, frankincense, jasmine, and lavender.
Orange, Sweet: (Sweet Orange 5-fold) . Sweet Orange essential oil has a sweet citrus fragrance and is orange in color. It is antidepressant and calming. It refreshes the air and dissipates cooking odors. It is also a good grease cutter and is very useful in removing gooey residues, such as price labels from glass products and glass picture frames. Always test a small area as its color may discolor certain finishes. As with all cold pressed citrus essential oils, there's a chance of photo toxicity on skin exposed to the sun. Blends well with cinnamon, coriander, clove, frankincense, jasmine, and lavender. Regarding Orange Five Fold: Five fold essential oils are more concentrated than regular essential oils. This will allow you to put less of a volume in your soap recipe and still get more of a scent......a longer lasting scent. If you normally use 1 oz. of citrus oil per lb. of fat, the intensity would be similar to using 5 oz. of citrus oil per lb. of fat. You'd need to use much less of this product than of regular orange essential oil and the aroma in your product will be retained much longer. As you may know, citrus oil aromas tend to fade much quicker than other essential oil aromas.
Oregano,: Herby, woody, yet slightly spicy. This oil is an excellent disinfectant and stomachic. A very potent oil which could irritate the mucous membranes and should never be applied directly to the skin or mucous membranes. Best avoided in pregnancy. Its main effect seems to be on the digestive system, soothing the stomach, liver and spleen. Calms intestinal spasm. May combat acidity, stomach gas and encourage appetite. Blends well with basil, fennel, geranium and pine.
Palmarosa: Powdery, floral, herbaceous, perhaps with a hint of rose. It is antifungal and antiviral. Indicated for bronchitis, birthing, regeneration of the skin, and regulating oil production of the skin. Useful in treating skin infections. Blends well with bergamot, citronella, jasmine, lavender, petitgrain and rose.
Parsley Seed: Warm, green, herbaceous and spicy. Smells like the plant. The oil, because of its depurative property, is traditionally used in aromatherapy for the treatment of arthritis, cellulite and accumulation of toxins. It is also an emmenagogue and is recommended for the treatment of amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea and as an aid during childbirth. It is an abortifacient and its use is not recommended during pregnancy. Blends well with lavender, lime and orange.
Patchouli: A strong, earthy, smoky, spicy and musky scent. It is antidepressant, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, astringent, deodorant, fungicide and insecticide. May cause loss of appetite. Its odor may be little too persistent for some people. Due to its strong astringent and cicatrisant properties, may be helpful for loose skin, especially after dieting, used in many anti-wrinkle products. Its diuretic properties are useful in cases of fluid retention and cellulite. Well known to increase libido, considered an aphrodisiac. Relieves effects from insect bites, protects clothes from moths. It is known as a tissue regenerator which helps stimulate regrowth of skin cells and the forming of scar tissue. Heals rough, cracked skin. Useful for treating acne, eczema, fungal infections and scalp disorders including dandruff. Blends well with black pepper, clary sage, frankincense, geranium, lavender and myrrh.
Pennyroyal: This EO should be used with extreme caution. Its scent is herbaceous and minty. It is a well known emmenagogue; do not use during pregnancy. Has some use in menstrual difficulties, often used to bring on menstruation. It's valuable in repelling insects on animals. Can be diluted either in alcohol or vinegar as a rub to kill fleas. Many aromatherapists will not use this oil. It blends well with cedarwood and peppermint.
Pepper, Black:This EO has a fresh, dry-woody, warm and spicy scent. It's analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, diuretic, laxative and stomachic. There's the possibility of skin irritation. Black pepper is very stimulating to the mind, gives stamina where there's frustration. Its rubefacient and analgesic properties make it useful for muscular aches and pains and muscular stiffness as it assists with dilation of local blood vessels. Assists with rheumatoid arthritis and temporary limb paralysis. Warming in event of cold and flu. Stimulates appetite. Expels wind, calms vomiting. Its stomachic effect increases flow of saliva and stimulates appetite, expels wind, encourages peristalsis and is useful in bowel problems; restores tone to colon muscles. Blends well with basil, bergamot, cypress, grapefruit, lemon, and sandalwood.
Peppermint: Strongly piercing, refreshing, minty, very herbaceous aroma. Cooling, analgesic, antispasmodic, anesthetic, decongestant, emmenagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, insecticide and stimulant. Should be kept away from eyes, likely to irritate skin and mucous membranes. Best avoided by pregnant women and nursing mothers as it may discourage flow of milk. May antidote homeopathic remedies. Helps people become clear headed and refreshes the spirits. Helpful for people who are unable to concentrate or who have mental fatigue. Said to relieve states of anger, hysteria and nervous trembling, excellent for depression. On the body, it has a dual action: cooling when hot and warming when cold. As a remedy for colds, it halts mucous and fevers and encourages perspiration. Extremely important for its effect on the digestive system (1 drop on a sugar cube or on a teaspoon of honey). Has a slightly anesthetic effect on stomach muscles. Good for travel sickness, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, colic, nausea and to keep drivers alert while on the road. Its cooling and pain relieving action seems to ease headaches, migraines and toothaches. Used in liniments for the relief of muscle pain, lumbago, bruises, joint pain and insect bites. Can be used to relieve any kind of skin irritation or itching but should be used in a dilution of 1% or less or the irritation will be made worse. Not much liked by insects and vermin. Blends well with cedarwood, cypress, lavender, niaouli and pine.
Petitgrain: This oil is obtained from the leaves of the bitter orange tree and has a fresh floral citrus scent with a woody herbaceous undertone. It is antidepressant, antispasmodic and deodorant. Calms anger and panic, refreshes the mind. It is considered uplifting and refreshing. Has a sedative effect on the nervous system, helpful for rapid heartbeat or insomnia. Eases breathing and relaxes muscle spasms. Helpful with painful digestion by calming stomach muscles. Could help in clearing up skin blemishes and pimples. Useful for greasy hair and skin. Blends well with bergamot, cedarwood, lavender, neroli, orange, rosewood and sandalwood.
Pine: Strong, dry-balsamic, turpentine like odor. It is antiseptic, bactericidal, decongestant, deodorant, diuretic, expectorant, and insecticidal. Known to refresh a tired mind and mental fatigue...it is invigorating. It is a powerful antiseptic and helpful in cases of bronchitis, laryngitis and influenza. Has good effect on respiratory problems due to its expectorant properties. Effective with cystitis and prostate problems and known as a general kidney cleanser. Its warming properties may relieve rheumatism, gout and arthritis, may be beneficial for muscular pain and stiffness. A wonderful house cleaner and deodorizer. Blends well with cedarwood, clove, myrtle, and niaouli. Pine can be very irritating on the skin, use with caution.
Ravensara Aromatica: Clove/eucalyptus-type odor, a mild version of Rosemary aroma. It is highly anti-viral, this is the EO to use for the flu or respiratory infection. Used for clearing the sinus and breathing passages, loosening tight muscles, relieving menstrual discomfort and aches and pains. Very safe on the skin, good for cold sores, shingles and genital herpes. It is also considered a muscle relaxant and analgesic. Blends well with chamomile, lavender and pine.
Rose Otto: Rosa damascena may also be known by the names of Damask rose and Anatolian rose. Deep, sweet, rosy-floral, tenacious odor. About 30 roses are required to make 1 drop of oil and 60,000 petals to make 1 oz. of oil. The essential oil of rose has a deep psychological effect. It is harmonizing, anti-depressive and helps make sorrow easier; soothes feelings such as anger, fear and anxiety. Rose otto oil is used extensively for gynecological conditions such as regulating hormones, functional infertility, uterine bleeding, strengthening the uterus, regulating menstruation, and relieving menstrual cramps. Oil of rose is ideal for all skin care, especially for mature, dry or sensitive skin. It is antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, bactericide, diuretic, emmenagogue, laxative, sedative and stomachic. Since it is an emmenagogue, it is best avoided in pregnancy. Eases nervous tension and stress. Gives a woman positive feelings about herself. Calms premenstrual tension, promotes vaginal secretions and regulates the menstrual cycle. Its beneficial action on infertility aids "male" problems too probably by increasing the semen. Helpful with sexual difficulties, particularly frigidity and impotence. Blends well with bergamot, chamomile, clary sage, geranium, lavender, orange and sandalwood.
Rosemary: Strong, clear, penetrating, camphoraceous and herbaceous aroma. It is analgesic, antidepressant, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, cicatrisant, digestive, diuretic, hypertensive and rubefacient. Not suitable for people with epilepsy or high blood pressure. Avoid in pregnancy since it is an emmenagogue. Might antidote homeopathic remedies. Clears the head and aids memory, good for mental strain. Helps ease gout and tired, overworked muscles, tired or weak legs and circulatory problems of extremities, as well as cold feet. Since it stimulates blood circulation, it is a good remedy for low blood pressure. It's an excellent tonic for the liver and gall bladder. Helps lower high blood sugar. Used in shampoo and hair treatments, it helps stimulate blood circulation to the scalp, thus being beneficial for promoting hair growth. Blends well with basil, cedarwood, frankincense, ginger, grapefruit, orange and peppermint.
Rosewood (Bois de Rose): Sweet, woody, floral and slightly spicy aroma. It is antidepressant, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, deodorant, and insecticide. It is said to stabilize the central nervous system and could therefore have an overall balancing effect. Helpful when feeling low, overwhelmed with problems. May relieve headaches when accompanied by nausea and may also relieve jet lag. Its deodorizing action helps the body cope with excess heat and moisture. Also valuable as an insect repellent. Blends well with cedarwood, coriander, frankincense, rose, sandalwood and vetiver.
Sage (dalmatian):There are several species of sage. Its aroma is clear, herbal, camphorous and sharp. Traditionally, sage has been used for a variety of disorders such as respiratory infections, menstrual difficulties, and digestive complaints. Apart from its widespread use in cooking (the herb, that is), sage has always been used i fold medicine in many contries in the form of herbal infusions, gargles, vinegars and poultices, particularly for mouth and throat infections. An an essential oil, its properties are anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiseptic, digestive and diuretic. This oil blends well with bergamot, eucalyptus, orange, peppermint, and rosemary. Should be used with caution, avoid with people with epilepsy or high blood pressure, do not use in children or the elderly, avoid in pregnancy as it's an abortifacient. Sage contains thujone, a substance which is considered toxic in high doses.
Sandalwood: This oil provides a woody, sweet and exotic aroma and in addition, the Australian variety also offers a dry bitter top note. Antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, astringent, diuretic, expectorant and sedative. Its lingering aroma often persists in clothing after washing. Alleviates cystitis (massage in the kidney region where it has a purifying and anti-inflammatory action). Its aphrodisiac properties can relieve sexual problems such as frigidity and impotence. Its antispasmodic action on the body should encourage relaxation. Could be useful in promoting vaginal secretions and helps with pelvic congestion. This oil has a pronounced action on the mucous membranes of the genito-urinary tract and the pulmonary tracts and is often used for chronic infections of these areas. Helpful with chest infections and sore throats. Will relieve a dry cough; aids sleep during colds and flu. Particularly good for dry eczema as well as ageing and dehydrated skins. Relieves itching and inflammation. Good for arthritic conditions and muscle injuries, premenstrual pain, insect bites and stings, inflammatory conditions of the skin including psoriasis and diaper rash, inflammatory conditions of the breast such as mastitis and abscesses. NOTE about Australian Sandalwood which we may offer from time to time: Santalum spicatum, a native tree of Western Australia, is closely related to the Indian Santalum album and has high levels of active fragrance compounds as well as high levels of anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties. The anti-microbial effects of Australian Sandalwood oil are attributed to its contents of farnesol. This compound, which is well known and widely studied, normally constitutes 5-10% of the volatile oil content of Sandalwood oil from Santalum spicatum. Anti-inflammatory properties are credited to the a-bisabolol (5-10% content) which is a counter-inflammatory agent found in high proportions and extracted from this species. Blends well with basil, black pepper, frankincense, geranium, lavender, lemon, neroli, rose, and vetiver.
Spearmint: Similar to peppermint, slightly sweeter. Antispasmodic, emmenagogue, insecticide, parturient and stimulant. Indicated for all sorts of respiratory problems, sinusitis, and chronic bronchitis. If used in full body massage, use only a minute amount; massage in local areas may be preferable. Possibility of eye irritation, as well as an irritant on sensitive skin. Stimulates a tired mind. Helpful with digestive problems such as vomiting , flatulence, constipation and diarrhea. Seems to relax stomach muscles, relieves hiccups and nausea. May help with travel sickness. Good oil to use externally on children with digestive problems such as nausea, constipation and diarrhea. Blends well with basil, grapefruit, lemon and rosemary. May be used to relieve pruritus. Don't use during pregnancy.
Spikenard: Its aroma is leathery, earthy and fungal, but sweet and is a reddish brown or amber-colored oil Spikenard is widely mentioned in the bible. It is a very calming oil, both emotionally and physically, and is of special value in serious skin conditions. Powerful antifungal. Indicated for psoriasis, athlete's foot, fungal infections, dandruff and emotionally for deep sadness. It's a powerful oil for grounding, for emotional needs. Spikenard is known in aromatherapy circles as "a woman's oil" and is recommended for use in spiritual blends or blends for meditation.
Spruce: a/k/a Eastern Hemlock, this is not Black Spruce (Picea mariana). Fresh pine, bitter orange peel aroma. Recommended for relief of stress and anxiety. Also recommended for muscle aches and pains, aching joints, poor circulation, muscle spasms. Inhaled for the respiratory system, helpful for bronchitis or asthma. Blends well with Orange, Lavender and Clary sage.
Tagetes: Not to be confused with pot marigold or Calendula officinalis. Its scent has been used as a deterrent to house flies. The oil has a minty, sweetish, fruity odor and is a well-known fungicide and antiparasitic. Kills roundworms in the gut. Also indicated for athlete's foot and ringworm. Not to be used on pregnant women and children, considered a neurotoxic and abortive. Excessive skin use is discouraged as it can cause serious photosensitivity; do not use prior to exposure to simulated or natural sunlight. This oil is extremely difficult to work with, for the penetrating aroma has the curious property of becoming stronger when combined with other essences. It may be acceptable when blended with orange, lemon or lavender. Tagetes should be used in concentrations of less than 0.5%. Do not use during pregnancy.
Tangerine: Warm, citrus, sweet and tangy aroma. It is antiseptic, antispasmodic, sedative and stomachic. Could be phototoxic; care should be taken not to expose the skin to strong sunlight after treatment. Has an almost hypnotic effect on the mind. May be helpful with stress and tension due to its soothing action on the nervous system. Assists with gastric complaints, such as flatulence, diarrhea and constipation. Stimulates flow of bile which helps to digest fats. It is a popular addition to a massage oil during pregnancy, helping to reduce stretch marks, reducing fluid retention and stimulating circulation. Could help smooth out stretch marks, particularly when blended with lavender and neroli. Can be used in massage oils for acne. Blends well with basil, bergamot, chamomile, clary sage, frankincense, neroli, orange and rose.
Tea Tree: Fresh and antiseptic, rather pungent aroma. This is a "must have" essential oil. It is antibiotic, antiseptic, antiviral, bactericide, cicatrizant, expectorant, fungicide, insecticide and sudorific. Although it may cause irritation on sensitive areas of skin, along with Lavender it is just about the only oil that is recommended to be used "neat" or straight from the bottle without dilution. Tea tree has extensive applications in medicine and veterinary medicine (rarely, if ever, used on cats or birds, use caution). Its most important usage is to help the immune system fight off infectious diseases. Activates the white corpuscles to form a defense against invading organisms and helps to shorten the duration of illness. Indicated for influenza, cold sores, and gingivitis. A series of massage with this oil before surgery will help to fortify the body. Its strong antiviral and germicidal properties are useful in repeated infections. Its fungicidal properties help clear vaginal thrush and is of value with genital infections generally. Alleviates urinary tract problems such as cystitis. Gives relief to genital and anal itching as well as general itching from chicken pox to rashes caused by insect bites. Said to give some protection against x-ray therapy in breast cancer. It will apparently reduce scarring when applied before treatment as the protective film will guard against very deep penetration of the x-rays. Helps to ease otitis. Reduces pus in infected wounds. Clears blemishes caused by chicken pox and shingles. Useful with minor burns, sores, sunburn, ringworm, warts, tinea, herpes and athletes foot. Helpful with dry conditions of the scalp as well as dandruff. Blends well with cinnamon, clove, cypress, eucalyptus, ginger, lavender, and thyme.
Tea Tree, Lemon Scented:This oil contains the antiviral properties of tea tree combined with a wonderful, clear lemon scent. It makes a good room deodorizer and air cleanser. Diffused into the atmosphere it has the ability to destroy molds, fungi and bacteria. Its properties are anti-infectious, antiviral, antiseptic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, and digestive stimulant. Useful for the treatment of oily skin and acne. This oil is rich in citral and citronellal. At this time, it is one of the most powerful insect repellents known, better than citronella and eucalyptus. Lemon scented tea tree can be used to improve the scent of the more medicinal smelling tea tree. As part of a respiratory blend Lemon Scented Tea Tree will help to clear nasal and bronchial catarrh. Blends well with woodsy aromas such as cypress, sandalwood and rosewood.
Thyme: (Please see below for Thyme, Borneol information.) A rather sweet and strongly herbal fragrance. It is well known as being antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, cardiac, cicatrizant, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant and insecticide. This is a very potent oil, one of the strongest antiseptics and toxicity is possible with prolonged use. Not to be used in cases of high blood pressure nor in pregnancy. Activates brain cells, thereby aiding memory and concentration. Revives feelings of exhaustion and combats depression. Fortifies the lungs when treating colds, coughs and sore throats particularly tonsillitis, laryngitis and the like. Rather warming and helps to eliminate phlegm. Helps the body fight disease. Raise low blood pressure. Since its stimulating effect facilitates the removal of uric acid may be recommended for rheumatism, gout and arthritis. May stop nosebleeds. Helps with sluggish digestion and wind. Speeds delivery in childbirth and expelling the afterbirth, could cause miscarriage. A tonic for the scalp and may be effective with dandruff and hair loss. Blends well with bergamot, cedarwood, chamomile, and lemon.
Valerian root:This high altitude oil naturally contains more effective components than, for instance, Valerian grown in China. Research has found that Valerian root grown at higher altitudes have higher concentrations of valeptorates, one of the primary compounds responsible for this oil's therapeutic effects. Highly sedative in action. Due to its "dirty-socks" smell it is not an oil for perfumery. As a relaxing/sleep inducing blend it has no equal. In ayurveda it's used in suppressin of urine, poisoning (Tridosha) It is also known to calm down dogs and cats, although cats do tend to be more sensitive to essential oils than dogs. Use with caution on dogs and cats. Avoid use on sensitive & couperose skin. Useful for varicose veins and hemorrhoids. Avoid in pregnancy and with babies and children. Blends well with any citrus essential oil, as well as any of the conifers.
Verbena: Green, vegetative, herbaceous, warm, floral scent with some lemon and citrus notes. Indicated for stress, insomnia, depression, and nervous fatigue. Powerful anti-inflammatory; fever reducer. If inhaled, it is a powerful sedative. Has hormonelike action on the thyroid and pancreas. Works on the digestive system, especially controlling stomach spasm and cramp, nausea, indigestion and flatulence. Stimulates the appetite. Recent pharmacological tests have proven this oil to be phototoxic and a strong skin sensitizer. Not recommended for massages. Blends well with basil, bergamot, chamomile, geranium, neroli, rose, and rosemary.
Vetivert: Deep, smoky, earthy aroma. In aromatherapy, some people can barely tolerate the smell while others are affected quite deeply by its aroma, which can be likened to the smell of a damp forest floor. It is considered antiseptic, aphrodisiac, sedative, nervine. It is a calming oil, excellent for stress and tension. Settles the nerves. May be useful in helping people ease off tranquilizers. This oil is considered a classic for physical, mental and emotional burnout which may result in total exhaustion. On an emotional level, vetiver helps to soothe states of irritability, anger and hysteria. Vetivert is recommended for dry, dehydrated skin. May assist with acne. Its vulnerary and cicatrisant properties are utilized to prevent and reduce wrinkles and stretch marks during pregnancy. Said to cleanse the aura (the energy field around the body) and to strengthen the auric shield which can be instrumental in keeping out disease. Very helpful in cases of mental and physical exhaustion. It assists with increasing blood flow which, thereby being able to alleviate muscular aches and pains. A tonic to the reproductive system and its relaxing quality seems to have some effect on tension underlying sexual problems. Helpful in cases of insomnia. Blends well with frankincense, geranium, grapefruit, jasmine, lavender, rose, sandalwood and ylang ylang.
Violet Leaf:Its aroma is herbal, sweet, green with some woody, floral notes. It's used as an adjunct in high-quality perfumes. FYI: There's no steam distillation of violet flowers. There's not traditional aromatherapy use for this absolute. It appears to be a mild analgesic, liver decongestant, and expectorant. May be helpful with acne, eczema and thread veins. Avoid on sensitive skin. Blends well with citrus and minty oils.
Wintergreen: Very refreshing aroma, woody and wintergreen, almost identical to Birch. Use with caution, the EO is approximately 99% salicylate, the main ingredient in aspirin (irritant, sensitizing). Many aromatherapists try to stay away from this oil. Methyl salicylate has been incorporated into liniments and ointments for muscular skeletal problems. Use tiny amounts in muscle/joint blends, patch test. Not recommended for usage in persons who take aspirin regularly or who are allergic to aspirin. Blends well with pine, peppermint, and lemon.
Yarrow: Dry, herbaceous, but not sweet. Also known as milfoil. The color of this oil ranges from blue/green to a beautiful, deep blue. Anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, cicatrizant, expectorant, hypotensive. Flower tea is an emmenagogue (brings on menstruation). Indicated for problems of prostate or menstrual problems and neuralgia. Useful for gynecological problems. May be useful for the relief of irregular menstrual cycles and painful periods. The oil may be applied in a massage, compress or foot bath. Yarrow is used for the treatment of wounds and open sores because of its astringent, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. This particular Yarrow has 1% chamazulene content; because of the content of chamazulene, Yarrow oil is used in skin care for acne, eczema and inflammation and to minimize varicose veins and reduce scars. Blends well with bergamot, Roman chamomile, juniper and pine.
Ylang Ylang (all grades):Sweet, floral, heavy aroma. There are several grades or qualities of this essential oil. The large flowers of Ylang Ylang are subjected to fractional steam distillation, yielding, in succession, ylang-ylang extra, I, II, and III. A complete essential oil is also available by non-fractional steam distillation of the flowers or by combining the first three fractions. The grades (Extra, I, II and III) indicate from which part of the steam distillation process the oil was obtained, with Extra being of the highest quality and III being an excellent oil for various aspects of aromatherapy and for soapmaking. Ylang Ylang Extra is collected from the first proportion; it is collected over several hours and becomes the ‘extra’ quality oil which is rich in oxygenated constituents but poor in the high boiling point terpenes known as sesquiterpenes. From a perfumer’s aspect, Ylang Ylang Extra is the best grade and the most highly valued of the grades. Properties: Both relaxes and arouses; in Europe, therapists use this oil for sexual dysfunction. Eases frigidity and impotence. It is antidepressant, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, sedative. Excessive use may lead to headaches and nausea. Could possibly irritate sensitive skins and is indicated against use on inflammatory skin conditions and dermatitis. Could well ease feelings of anger, anxiety, shock, panic and fear. Useful with rapid breathing and heartbeat; its sedative properties could help bring down high blood pressure. Soothes anger. Has a tonic and stimulating effect on the scalp promoting a more luxurious hair growth. Blends well with bergamot, citronella, jasmine, lavender, lemon, rose, sandalwood and verbena.